President Trump shared with reporters as he is set to depart his Mar-a-Lago estate in Florida that Army Lt. Gen. H.R. McMaster will be the new national security adviser. Retired Army Lt. Gen. Keith Kellogg, who has been serving in an acting capacity as national security adviser, will be the chief of staff on the National Security Council.
So Who is LTG McMaster?
Herbert Raymond “HR” McMaster (born July 24, 1962 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is currently assigned as the Director, Army Capabilities Integration Cente, and Deputy Commanding General, Futures, U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command. His previous assignment was commander of the Maneuver Center of Excellence at Ft. Benning, Georgia. McMaster previously served as Director of Combined Joint Interagency Task Force-Shafafiyat (CJIATF-Shafafiyat) (Transparency) at International Security Assistance Forces (ISAF) Headquarters in Kabul, Afghanistan.
Combat proven leader
Chances are if you are in a cavalry unit or you ever studied mechanized warfare you learned about a Gulf War battle that became known as the Battle of 73 Easting.
During the Gulf War in 1991 LTG McMaster (then a Captain) was commanding Eagle Troop of the 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment. During that battle, though significantly outnumbered and encountering the enemy by surprise as McMaster’s lead tank crested a dip in the terrain, the nine tanks of Eagle Troop destroyed over eighty (thats 8 and 0) Iraqi Republican Guard tanks and other vehicles without loss.
The Battle of 73 Easting.
“At 4:10 p.m. Eagle Troop received fire from an Iraqi infantry position in a cluster of buildings at UTM PU 6801. Eagle Troop Abrams and Bradleys returned fire, silenced the Iraqi guns, took prisoners, and continued east with the two tank platoons leading. The 9 M1A1 tanks of Eagle Troop destroyed 28 Iraqi tanks, 16 personnel carriers and 30 trucks in 23 minutes with no (that’s 0 and 0) American losses. At about 4:20 Eagle crested a low rise and surprised an Iraqi tank company set up in a reverse slope defense on the 70 Easting. Captain McMaster, leading the attack, immediately engaged that position, destroying the first of the eight enemy tanks to his front. His two tank platoons finished the rest. Three kilometers to the east McMaster could see T-72s in prepared positions. Continuing his attack past the 70 limit of advance, he fought his way through an infantry defensive position and on to high ground along the 73 Easting. There he encountered and destroyed another enemy tank unit of eighteen T-72s. In that action the Iraqis stood their ground and attempted to maneuver against the troop. This was the first determined defense the Regiment had encountered in its three days of operations. Still, the Iraqi troops had been surprised because of the inclement weather and were quickly destroyed by the better trained and better equipped American troops.”
McMaster was awarded the Silver Star. The battle features in several books about Desert Storm and is widely referred to in US Army training exercises. It also receives coverage in Tom Clancy’s 1994 popular non-fiction book Armored Cav. McMaster served as a military history professor at West Point from 1994 to 1996, teaching among other things the battles in which he fought. He graduated from the United States Army Command and General Staff College in 1999.
McMaster went on to take several assignments with the most prominent being in 2004, where he was assigned to command the 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment (3rd ACR). Shortly after McMaster took command the regiment deployed for its second tour in Iraq and was assigned the mission of securing the city of Tal Afar. That mission culminated in September with Operation Restoring Rights and the defeat of the city’s insurgent strongholds.
He has been widely credited with the success of the pioneering tactics employed by 3rd ACR led to the first success in overcoming the Iraqi insurgency. Prior to 2005, tactics included staying out of dangerous urban areas except on patrols, with US forces returning to their bases each night. These patrols had little success in turning back the insurgency because local Iraqis who feared retaliation would very rarely assist in identifying them to US forces.
McMaster deployed his soldiers into Tal Afar on a permanent basis, and once the local population grew confident that they weren’t going to withdraw nightly, the citizens began providing information on the insurgents, enabling US forces to target and defeat them.
From August, 2007 to August, 2008 McMaster was part of an “elite team of officers advising US commander” General David Petraeus on counterinsurgency operations while Petraeus directed revision of the Army’s Counterinsurgency Field Manual during his command of the Combined Arms Center.
Promotion controversy and career as a general officer
McMaster was passed over for promotion to Brigadier General in 2006 and 2007, despite his reputation as one of “the most celebrated soldiers of the Iraq War. “Though the rationale for promotion board decisions is not made public, it is generally agreed that McMaster was held back because of his tendency to argue against the status quo.
The promotion issue re-surfaced in 2011, when he was not selected for Major General along with his peers despite being called “probably our best Brigadier General” by Army Chief of Staff General Martin Dempsey.
On February 18, 2014 Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel announced the nominations of four officers for promotion to Lieutenant General, including McMaster, who was selected to become Deputy Commander of the Training and Doctrine Command and Director of TRADOC’s Army Capabilities Integration Center.
“It is heartening to see the Army reward such an extraordinary general officer who is a thought leader and innovator while also demonstrating sheer brilliance as a wartime brigade commander,” retired Army Gen. Jack Keane, a former Army vice chief, said of the promotion.